Filed under: Babkas
June 11, 2020

Milk Bread Chocolate Babka

Milk bread style chocolate babka made with the japanese tangzhong method to yield the softest, most tender bread swirled with a deep dark chocolate filling. 

5 from 23 votes
Yield: 2 loaves
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overhead of milk bread chocolate babka

Milk bread style chocolate babka made with the japanese tangzhong method to yield the softest, most tender bread swirled with a deep dark chocolate filling. 

Brioche Babka versus Challah Babka

There are two ways to babka: the more commonly associated brioche dough (most recipes you find use this, similar to Bread’s Bakery babka) versus challah, a softer bread that uses oil, not butter, as a fat. The latter is probably how babka originated, with home bakers spreading jam or cinnamon over leftover challah (apparently the bread met chocolate in new york, source). My husband and I are, perhaps unpopularly, decidedly on the latter team. I think most people are team brioche because that is the form in which babka has been popularized, but today I hope to convince you over to our side.

I am not jewish or Eastern European, and I did not grow up eating babka (although, I very much wish I had!). Like most people, I learned of it from the internets. This popsugar version, is the first babka I made about 5-6 years ago. They had called it chocolate challah although the link has now disappeared (I now think it’s Alexandra Cooks’ recipe because the picture is the same). I had made it once and instantly fell in love. This biased me early on to what babka should feel and taste like. I don’t think a full two months has gone by since summer 2015, when I haven’t made ‘chocolate challah’ and every single time it has been more than well-received by my peoples (and my belly, lol).

We made a trip to NYC a few years later and tried the famous Bread’s Bakery babka (this was during peak babka trend of 2017 ), and, well, sad to say, it was very different than I imagined and I didn’t fall in love (although have you tried their cheesecake? To die for!). It was dense, almost croissant like in texture, which I get is kind of the point. But we preferred the soft and tender challah base that I made at home. If you are familiar with any of my bread recipes, you know they are usually variants of a challah/enriched dough. I have been mostly satisfied with my recipe, until now.

slice of chocolate babka made out of a milk bread challah

What is “milk bread” and how is it made?

Hokkaido Japanese milk bread is made with a tangzhong: a water (or water & milk) roux, ie. a thick paste made from heated flour and the liquid. The roux method is unique to this dough and yields a very tender result, this is because the starches are gelatinized without forming gluten. On this topic, Dini, via The Flavor Bender writes: “The starch molecules in tangzhong absorb far more liquid than it would at room temperature. When this is added to the bread dough, the tangzhong adds MORE water to the dough, and a stable, soft matrix that creates a cushion-like, spongy texture in the final baked product.”

If you’ve seen pictures of japanese milk bread rolls, you know that the roux method results in a super fluffy and tender interior. Some adjectives used to describe this bread I found from various sources: “lofty, feathery white bread”, “soft, springy texture”, “wonderfully tender” and, “Soft, fluffy, airy, tender, springy, pillowy….” I think you get the picture. 


A hybrid way to babka

One of the criticisms challah gets, especially as a base for babka, is it’s dryness. This is partially because it doesn’t have butter added to it, and there’s a likely risk of adding too much flour; something I have overcompensated for in the past by giving you weight measurements rather than cup, to make sure your dough is very soft and sticky (to many of my reader’s distress, sorry guys!). My own struggle at home has not been with the dough itself but that the bread is great the first day but less so afterwards and I’ve always wanted it to last longer. I’ve also been lusting after IG photos of milk bread for years and decided I’d try it in my challah.

I’m not going to pretend I fully understand the process of starch formation and gelatinization of dough, but I am going to tell you that this is THE way to make bread. I had seen that nyt’s highly rated milk bread recipe (via julia moskin) had ingredients and quantities similar enough to the challah I usually make, and from that that I worked it into a milk-bread style challah. I don’t use as much yeast, and of course, I swap the butter for oil, to stay true to the jewish challah origins. I guess you could say this is a fusion bread of japanese/eastern european/newyork food culture.

The very tiny trick of making a roux first to addd to the dough made a huge difference. My challah’s have always been soft, but not THIS soft. They’ve been tender but not this tender. This is pillowy, lofty, feathery… all the things they said it would be. It was softer for days too! And then I added chocolate, and swoooooon. This is going to be the only way I babka from now on, and after you try it, I bet it will be yours too.


How to make the tangzhong (roux) for milk bread chocolate babka

It sounds harder than it is, but it’s dead simple: in a small saucepan set over medium heat you’ll combine equal parts water and milk, with some bread flour. You’ll simply whisk it until it thickens into a paste and then remove it from the heat. I pour it into the bottom of my stand mixer bowl and let it cool while I prep the rest of my ingredients. Then, I dump everything into the bowl and attach the dough hook and turn the mixer on. It needs 5 minutes only to come together. How easy was that? (cue Ina’s twinkle)


How to make milk bread chocolate babka in five simple steps:

  1. Make roux and with it make the challah dough
  2. Roll it out into large rectangle and spread chocolate sauce over it
  3. Roll it up into a log and slice in half lengthwise
  4. Twist two halves around each other
  5. Brush with egg yolk and bake.


How to make milk bread chocolate babka pretty

If you get your dough right, it’s very hard to go wrong in taste with a bread and chocolate combination. But over the past few months I’ve seen readers struggle with making my brownie babka ‘pretty’. So here’s some tips (and a fabulous way to have some muffin style mini-babkas!):

  • After you roll up the dough into a log, set it in the fridge. This will firm up the filling and the dough for clean cuts when you slice it in half. Use a really sharp knife to slice the dough.
  • Because of the 1 inch border of no chocolate (and the odd way dough often rolls up), leaving the ends of the logs can make the loaf unpretty. I slice them off (about 1 inch off each end) and pile them into a lined muffin pan (so the muffin cup is about 1/2 to 2/3 full) and then bake them at 350 for 20 mins. Congratulations, now you babka is pretty AND you have these adorable muffin-like baby babkas that bake up beautifully too!
  • Also note: My babkas pictured here are “rustic” because I want you to see how lovely it is without perfect cuts.


Ingredients for milk bread chocolate babka

  • Bread flour: my favorite brand is King Arthur Flour. If you don’t have bread flour you can use AP but I do urge you to use bread if you have access to it.
  • Milk: Whole or 2% is fine. Skim or 1% could work but they might be lacking a bit of fat, same with non-dairy milks. Don’t use buttermilk here as it could curdle in the tangzong step.
  • Eggs: large and at room temperature. Extra large eggs will lend too much eggyness, and regular size not enough. If you need your eggs to come to room quick, set them in a bowl of hot water for a couple of minutes.
  • Oil: I use canola but vegetable, grapeseed or even olive oil (if you like the taste) would be fine here.
  • Powdered sugar: organic or non organic is fine.
  • Yeast: one packet of instant yeast (7grams). If you need to sub with active dry add 1/2 tsp (25%) more and add it with the flour, skipping the proving step.
  • Chocolate: The creaminess of your chocolate will affect the ganache filling. If it’s very dark you’ll have to add a bit of heavy cream. If it’s less than 60% cocoa you might not. I use lindt 70%.
  • Cocoa: dutch process! It’s darker and more chocolatey. I use Rodelle or Guittard’s Rouge for dutch or Saco’s blend of natural and dutch.
  • Butter: Any should be fine.
  • Turbinado sugar: This is a minimally processed sugar and you don’t have to use it, but I like the way the big dark granules look on my bread, I buy mine at Trader Joe’s. If you don’t have it, use regular granulated.

Milk Bread Chocolate Babka

Chocolate babka made with the japanese tangzhong method to yield the softest, most tender bread swirled with a deep dark chocolate filling. 
overhead of milk bread chocolate babka
Prep Time: 30 minutes
Cook Time: 40 minutes
rest time: 8 hours 45 minutes
Yields: 2 loaves
5 from 23 votes


Tangzhong roux

  • 1/2 cup water 110g
  • 1/2 cup whole milk 116g
  • 1/3 cup bread flour 40g


  • 1 packet instant yeast, 7grams
  • 1/2 cup whole milk, room temperature 116g
  • 1/2 cup granulated sugar 96g
  • 2 large eggs, at room temperature
  • 1/4 cup canola oil 55g
  • 1 tsp fine sea salt
  • 1 TB pure vanilla extract
  • 4 cups bread flour, about 500g


  • 1/3 cup butter 76g
  • 1/2 cup chopped dark chocolate 100g
  • 1/3 cup dutch process cocoa
  • 1/3 cup powdered sugar
  • 1 TB heavy cream, if needed


  • Make the roux: In a pot, whisk together the flour, water and milk. Continue whisking as it heats up and thickens. Once you have the consistency of a soft paste, remove from heat and allow to cool.
  • Make the dough: In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the dough hook attachment, combine the yeast and milk. Sprinkle a bit of the sugar on top and whisk gently to combine. Give it a few minutes to proof.
  • Once the yeast mixture is foamy, add the rest of the ingredients as well as the roux. Turn the dough hook on and let it knead the dough until it comes together in a sticky mass, about 5 minutes.
  • Set the dough in a well-oiled bowl and cover with plastic wrap. Leave in the fridge overnight.
  • The next morning, remove the dough from the fridge. If it has not doubled in size, let it stand at room temperature to get there. This is to complete the first rise.
  • Make the filling: in a pot, melt the butter and chocolate together. Sift in the powdered sugar and cocoa. Whisk to combine. If the mixture is too thick, add a tablespoon of heavy cream.
  • Once the dough has doubled, punch it down and divide into two halves.
  • Roll one of the halves into a 13 x 9 rectangle and spread half the filling over the dough, leaving a 1” border.
  • Roll the dough up into a log from the short side and slice the log lengthwise with a sharp knife.
  • Twist the two halves around each other, filling side up. Place the twist in an oiled loaf pan prepped with a parchment paper sling. Set in a warm place for a second rise, for about 45-60 minutes.
  • Repeat steps with second loaf.
  • Preheat oven to 375. Brush the loaves with egg wash and sprinkle over the sugar.
  • Tent the pans loosely with aluminum foil, leaving room for the bread to rise without touching the foil.
  • Bake for 30-40 minutes, until an instant read thermometer inserted into the center registers 190 F.

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Recipe Reviews

  1. Hi! Do you have a video of this recipe? I tried to make It, the result was a super soft and great bread, but I have to say that I struggle a lot with the Dough, It was all great, I even let it rest more than 12 hours and when I was trying to actually Make the babka, with the filling and everything the Dough was toooooo sticky, I add more flour in order to get it off my fingers, I kneading it more on the mixer and with my hands and nothing Help, I just throw it on a pan and then bake it, waiting for the worst but As I said before, the result was a súper soft bread, delicious actually but I couldnt manage the dough, any suggestions please? Or a video please? 🙂

  2. I’m really excited to try this! How long would you recommend kneading if you don’t own a stand mixer and need to knead by hand?

    • Hi! Gosh I think it would be really difficult without a mixer. If you were really determined I’d increase the flour amount (it’s a very sticky dough), start with a rubber spatula or wooden spoon in the bowl then once it’s manageable switch to a floured surface on the counter.

  3. Hi – this looks great, I wondered if you knew what kind of protein % the flour you use contains? And do you have any experience of using an all purpose flour instead or half and half? I have made Babka before and have found that using bread flour can sometimes make it too bread-y or chewy if you know what I mean?

    • Hi Faye, you can use bread or all purpose. If it’s all purpose I’d say avoid a brand that has a really low protein content (like 10% or less) because it won’t have enough to build the right gluten structure for the bread.

  4. Thank you so much for this delicious and delightful recipe, Sam! I’ve made it twice now and the family loves it! I admit I was a bit intimidated at first since I’m not very experienced with yeast breads, but your instructions are very clear and easy to follow. I followed everything to the T except the second time, I forgot to tent the loaf pans and it was still very delicious! For all those beginning their baking journey (like me), please stick to the recipe and use a thermometer and scale- it reduces guesswork and leads to more consistent results. The milk bread is so soft and chocolate isn’t overly sweet and well-balanced, so it makes it easy to finish in one sitting. Even one of my children who doesn’t really care for chocolate, loved this and asked me to make more. This is now my go to and will be in regular rotation

  5. Hi, is there any reason why I should leave the dough in the fridge overnight? Can I just let it rise for 1 hour on the counter? Thanks!

  6. 5 stars
    After searching and making hundreds of babkas, I finally found my go-to recipe. And this is the one! It rises beautifully and it stays soft and fluffy for days. It reminds me of my childhood and my grandmother’s babka which she baked in a clay tile oven (no thermostat needed ????) The chocolate filling is rich and delicious. Thank you!

    • Wow sophie!! I’m so touched that it reminded you of your grandmother’s! I bet that has to do with this being a challah/chocolate combo. A lot of recipes are brioche based which is texturally very different. I always like to talk about the history of a recipe so if you scroll up there’s a bit on brioche vs challah and how babka likely originated. Thank you for such a sweet review, I’m so humbled at the idea that the recipe brought you back a piece of your childhood =)

  7. 5 stars
    I made this babka recently for a coworker’s birthday, and they absolutely loved it! Easy to follow recipe, and so so delicious and soft with the milk bread base

  8. 5 stars
    This is the first time I’ve attempted to make babka. My family loved it! If I want to make the babka on the same day, do I need to knead the dough longer to develop more gluten in the dough? How much longer do you recommend to knead it with a stand mixer? I’m going to try your other babka recipes next. Thank you for sharing your recipe.

  9. Hi Sam! Can I make all babka muffins out of the entire dough instead of just using the ends and his do you recommend doing that?

  10. 5 stars
    Great recipe. Easy to follow and the babka was excellent. I also like the idea to use the scraps for muffins. I used 63% cocoa and my taste testers said it was the right sweetness. Can’t wait to make again as I want to practice getting a better twist!

  11. 5 stars
    This was my first attempt at babka and it paid off beautifully- twice! I decided I wanted to bake myself something special for my birthday but I’m not really into cake. So I made a birthday babka for my breakfast and it was every bit as indulgent and celebratory as I had hoped! It was soooo good toasted with butter. So good in fact that my daughter immediately put in a request for her birthday breakfast the following month. The steps are well explained and laid out. Thank you for an approachable recipe with a spectacular result.

  12. So excited to make this — I had the exact same reaction to Bread’s Bakery babka in NYC — so much hype, but I found it dense and dry. So I feel extra confident I’m going to love yours!

  13. Hey lovely Sam, in the middle of making this recipe and I noticed your grams for the butter in the filling might be 1/2ed. 1/3 cup butter = around 75 g … or am I crazy. Or did you mean 38g butter (1/6 th)? I’m going with the 1/3 because it seems to fit the rest of the ingredients. Super excited for the final product!

  14. 5 stars
    This was my first time making babka and I was blown away by how soft and tender the bread was. I made one with Nutella and one with the chocolate filling, which was the perfect amount of sweetness. Thank you so much for this incredible recipe!

  15. 5 stars
    Amazing recipe! Admittedly my first time making babka, but it came out incredibly soft and fluffy. And the recipe was much easier to make than I anticipated. I did both rises out of the fridge, so I made it all in one afternoon and enjoyed it for dessert after supper and breakfast the next morning. Looking forward to trying the brownie babka next!

  16. 5 stars
    amazing recipe – soooo soft and fluffy!

    note that i think there’s an error in the conversion for the 1/3 cup butter in the filling. You have it as 38g when I believe it should be double that or 76g

  17. 5 stars
    So good! Did first proof out of the fridge and then put covered in pan overnight to proof- had to take out for a bit in the morning to finish the proof but worked super well as a Christmas morning treat!!

  18. 5 stars
    Can I give this more than 5 stars? It needs more than 5. While it takes multiple steps to create the babka, they are not complicated and the recipe is so easy to follow. My babkas turned out beautifully! Sam- could you make this with a cinnamon/sugar filling? Would you use butter like a cinnamon roll method, then sprinkle the cinnamon and sugar, roll, split and twist? Also, this milk bread dough is so lovely!

  19. I really love babka. Especially because the local Jewish bakery sells pareve babka that I can eat, as someone with an anaphylactic milk allergy. I see you recommend a higher-fat milk and mention skim or nondairy might not have enough. I’ve got a few high-ish fat non-dairy milk options around my house, a hemp with 6g, a hazelnut with 11g, a walnut with 9g (all per 8oz). Which flavor do you think might complement the recipe best?

    • Hmm, I bet the hazelnut milk would be lovely here – not only for the higher fat but I also see the flavor working well with the chocolate. For the ganache I’d use coconut milk btw, if you have it!

  20. This looks amazing and I’ve been studying the steps to make them! But I was wondering , would avocado oil work?

  21. Hi!
    I just pulled this babka out of the oven and it looks and smells incredible! I’m excited to try it once it’s cool enough to cut!
    I just have one question: how do you store it? Should I wrap it in foil, put it in a container, or something different entirely? Also, does it need to be refrigerated?

    • Hi Keegan! For overnight storage I’d put it in an airtight container at room temperature. The fridge will dry it out. If you want to keep slices for later use you could freeze them (also in an airtight container).

      • 5 stars
        Thanks! (As it turns out, there isn’t even much left to store at this point; between our family and the neighbors the loaf’s almost gone already!)
        It tastes absolutely delicious 🙂

  22. This looks so good! If I want to try this with butter in the dough, how do I do it? Im guessing it would replace the oil, but how would I add it in?

      • 5 stars
        Hi, …. Firstly I want to thank for the recipe.
        I don’t why i was so in love to see the beautiful appearence of babka for the first time on instagram that made really want to learn to make this bread.
        And i really excited to try this recipe.
        But there’s a question before i making it, i hope u like to answer it..??
        Do i have to use the tent of alumunium foil? And what happened if i dont’t use it?
        Thank you….

        • Hi Emira! Depending on what type of pan you use and how big it is, it can take longer to cook the babka in the center – the tent of foil is to keep the babka from over-browning as the center cooks.

  23. Hi! A few questions!
    I’m wanting to bake this in one day, so instead of putting it in the fridge can I do the first rise in a warm area?

    If I just want one loaf I saw another comment say to use 1 and 1/4 tsp yeast, but would I go ahead and halve all the other ingredients?

    Also for convenience would nutella work as the filling?

    Thanks for your recipe, I love using tangzhong!

    • Hi Helen! Yes, you can do the first rise at room temp; 2 hours should have it doubled in size. And yeah halve everything else for only one loaf. Nutella definitely works for a filling! Beware that between the room temp dough and the nutella it will be softer to roll out and a bit messier to cut. I’d set it in the fridge for a bit after you roll it up into a log to help it firm up a bit. Good luck!

  24. I would love to make this, but I do not own a stand mixer. Would this still be doable? If so what are some tips?

    Ps: this bread looks way too good to just be saved in my folder ?

  25. 5 stars
    The first time I ever made babka and it was a big success! Super soft, intense chocolate flavor but not too sweet, I ate one slice after the other while still warm from the oven smeared with some butter – yum!
    The dough was a bit finicky to work with (a price I’m willing to pay for super soft babka ?) and since my timing didn’t allow to put the rolled babka back into the fridge, there might have been some strong words shaping it… Thanks again for the great recipe!
    P.S.: I found your blog through Jessica from How Sweet Eats and I’m really glad I did! I’m not only enjoying your recipes but also your writing which to me is almost as important as a great recipe. If I don’t feel like I connect to the blogger on some level, I usually lose interest quickly. I got back to baking a few months ago and really enjoy your creative and yummy recipes, I get a lot of inspiration from them.

  26. 5 stars
    Just made babka for the first time using this recipe – WOW! The chocolate filling has the perfect level of sweetness. I am all for babka without the sugar syrup so that was another plus for this recipe. I need to work on my twisting technique but other than that the recipe worked like a champ!

      • 5 stars
        Just realized that my swirl issue may have been that I hadn’t previously read your comment about cutting the roll and then refrigerating to firm up…that would likley solve my issue. Shared the two loaves with three neighbors…comments included “better chocolate to bread ratio than my favorite croissant” and “that chocolate filling tastes like a special occasion chocolate”. FYI I used Trader Joe’s 70% pound plus bar for the chopped chocolate and King Arthur’s Double Dutch Dark Cocoa. Amazing results. Setting up for the next batch now.

        • Hi Malisa! Yes, the fridge really helps firm everything up for much better cuts. I am SO with your neighbor on that ratio comment – croissants never have enough! I should tackle them next, lol. Also those TJ pound plus bars are my absolute favorite these days. I’m so glad you enjoyed the recipe!

      • Hi, this looks amazing! Can’t wait to try it.
        If I make the dough and put it in the fridge overnight can I continue with the rest of the recipe in the afternoon rather than in the morning?

        • You can! More important than than timing are the cues you get from the dough itself. Before it goes into the oven it should be quite poofy (for lack of a better word). If it looks dense and cold, it’s not ready to go in yet.